In on-demand testing situations, students are administered tasks that are targeted to their grade levels but not otherwise connected to their personal educational experiences. The NRC proposed that, in addition to the current assessment blocks, which are limited to minute sessions and paper-and-pencil responses, NAEP should include carefully designed, targeted assessments administered to smaller samples of students that could provide in-depth descriptive information about more complex activities that occur over longer periods of time.
When your cells DNA is not updated, then a virus could infect the cell and then damage the cell, or even kill the cell, all because the DNA did not have the necessary information, or the information that the DNA had was wrong, which made the cell vulnerable to the virus. Voltaire Click to tweet.
Too much emphasis is placed on formal education — I told my children not to worry about their grades but to enjoy learning. Moreover, students need feedback to monitor their own success in learning and to know. As described in Chapter 5 , large-scale summative assessments should focus on the most critical and central aspects of learning in a domain as identified by curriculum standards and informed by cognitive research and theory.
I like to listen.